Dental disease

Did you know that in recent surveys 85% of dogs and 70% of cats over three years of age have some form of dental disease? A healthy mouth typically has shiny white teeth surrounded by firm pink (or pigmented ) gums.

Plaque is an invisible film composed of bacteria and other substances which forms naturally and continuously on the surface of the teeth and gums.

As plaque accumulates, toxins produced by the bacteria cause a marginal inflammation of the gum tissue - called gingivitis. At the same time, the plaque usually becomes mineralised to form calculus (tartar) on the tooth surfaces.

If the infection continues unchecked, bacteria start to penetrate below the gumline, destroying the tooth supporting structures - a condition called periodontitis.

Periodontitis is a far more serious condition and if left untreated, leads to tooth loosening and eventual tooth loss as the disease progresses.

However the effects of dental disease don't just affect the mouth. Persistent gum infections leak bacteria and toxins into the bloodstream, where they can cause problems in many other body organs - most notably the liver, kidneys, heart muscle (myocardium) and lungs.

As you can see, dental disease causes far more than just bad breath! The persistent drip feed of bacteria and toxins into the bloodstream can make your pet generally unwell over a long period of time.

If you would like further information on caring for your pet's teeth or would like a check-up for your pet, please contact us to arrange a suitable time.